查看完整版本: [-- 从歌手大赛的“知识问答”想到英语教学的“效率” --]

译林论坛 - 翻译中国 -> 文化杂谈 -> 从歌手大赛的“知识问答”想到英语教学的“效率” [打印本页] 登录 -> 注册 -> 回复主题 -> 发表主题

今于1 2008-04-03 08:57
从歌手大赛的“知识问答”想到英语教学的“效率”
  任何事情都有一个(数)量和(品)质的关系问题,都要讲究速度和效率,特别要讲究实效,防止“虚假的速度”。就以我熟悉的外语教学的质量为例。君不见,现在全国流行的“英语热”长盛不衰,英语补习学校林立,多少家长带着孩子进这样的外语学校,但结果怎样呢?这几天,我观看全国第三届青年歌手大奖赛。(明天,即2008年4月3日,是最后一场决赛。)“知识问答题”里有几个非常简单的英语题,如“请翻译May,March,April三个月”、“请翻译piano,violin,flute三种乐器 ”之类,歌手们居然都没有人答对。于是我联想起我一年来一直辅导英语的那个娃娃(他母亲在我家打钟点工)。他小学学了五年半英语,每周四节课,结果连字母都没有学会,去年我利用寒假、春节帮他重新学了小学英语教材第六册,背会了三篇课文,经过半年的巩固和提高(每周辅导一次),他勉强小学毕业,升入初中。他在初中一年级上学期的英语成绩是39分,全班四十一人他排名28。按各科的总成绩他排名34(这样的学生一般各科都差)。今年寒假、春节我又集中给他补课,这学期开学不久,英语小考成绩得了90分,我也从每周一次的辅导课上感到他有明显进步 (但他最近一次期中考试的成绩还没有公布,全年级八个班进行统考)。一年多来,我在鼓励他树立学习信心、讲究学习方法、培养学习习惯、等方面没有少下工夫。在外语教学法方面,我特别注意发挥他们的英语教材的优点(加拿大专家按“直接教学法”编写的教材),但我适当地、少量地增加翻译、中文注解、理解成分、等教学手段。比如目前阶段,我先让他听书的录音,然后选择片段要他朗读与翻译(读一句,翻译一句),然后要他听写部分单词,然后再听录音。最后要他回家复习,主要是读写我布置的课文。现在,他能朗读与翻译所学材料,基本没有错误。我确认他现在有了明显的进步。当然我也同时关心他的语文和数学。
我一直觉得,目前中、小学通用的直接教学法本质上按外国人学母语(英语)的教学法,中国学生在没有英语环境下学英语,就必须(特别是在初学阶段)适当利用而不是完全排斥学生母语(汉语)的反自然的教学方法。中国老师必须发挥自己的汉语优势,适当地利用汉语,帮助、促进学生理解英语的能力。同时,还要适当重视加添英语语法的教学内容,特别要采用画龙点睛式的讲解(这也是直接教学法编的教材完全排斥的)。人们常说的“外语只能死记硬背”,我认为是外语学习的最大误区!对此我早就有切身的体会,为此我写过文章。1954年我在接替苏侨老师担任一年级俄语精读课后写的教学总结中就专门写如何利用本族语的问题。(见1954年某期的《俄文教学》)现将该小学英语教材摘录一小部分如下(中文都是我加添的):
Primary English Students’ Book小学英语随记
Part One
Talk about it! Review it! Sing it! Do it! Build it!
Do it! Listen. Point.这样做:听并指出:
Build it! Listen. Repeat. 这样做:听并重复:
Listen. Point. 听并指出:
Listen. Check.听并确认:
Listen. Repeat.听并重复:
Recycle it! Ask. Answer.反复练习问答:
A crayon蜡笔 a pencil a pencil case a book bag a panda熊猫   a bug虫子,臭虫 a penguin企鹅 a snake an elephant a cat a rabbit long short little big swing秋千 seesaw桥板 zebra斑马 zipper拉锁,拉链 zero零 bread cake蛋糕 chicken 鸡肉candy糖块 yummy美味的,好吃的 yucky不好吃的(词典未见此词) sweet sour甜的 water juice mild tea茶Eat the candy. Smell the chicken. Pour(倒出)the juice. Drink the water. Taste the cake. Clean up. Stand up. Sit down. Open your book. Close your book. Take out your book. Put away(收起?放进?)your book. Line up. 排成一行。Pick up the ball. Put down the ball. Catch(接住) the ball. Throw the ball. Roll the ball. Bounce(拍)the ball. Down the slide.打滑梯。A shirt a jacket a dress a skirt new old clean dirty glasses jeans工作裤,裤子shoes socks fall spring swim. Dive. Scate. Ski.滑雪。Ride a bike. Fall down. Put on your hat. Take off your hat.
I’m chip. What’s your name? I’m Donny.
Hi. My name’s Kim. Hello, I’m Beth.
Good-bye. See you later.
Are you ready? Yes
Thank you. You’re welcome.
Let’s sing.我们唱吧! I can sing my ABC’s. 我能唱字母歌。All the way from A to Z! 从头唱到尾。
Whose turn is it? It’s my turn.
I’m tired. Me too.
What’s this? It’s a green book.
Bread please. Here you are. Thanks.
I’m hungry. Have some chicken.
I’m thirsty. Hve some water.
Can I have a cup, please?
I like candy. I don’t like candy.
Do you like candy ? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Do you like chicken? Yes, I do. No, I don’t .
Ah-choo! Bless you. Thank you.
Be careful! O.k.
Oucj! Are you O.K.? Yes.
Compare: go, come, get to
Unit One
Let’s start(我们开始)
There are many ways(方式)to go somewhere. Look at these pictures. Do you know what are they.
Let’s chant(顺口溜)
How do you go to(去) school? Sometimes by bike, Sometimes by car, But I never go by train. How do you get to(到,到达) Paris: Never on foot, never by bike, Always by car, bus, or plane.
How can I get to the zoo(植物园)? You can go by subway.
How can I get to the nature park(动物园)? You can go by subway.
How do you go to Canada? I go by plane.
How do you go to the USA? I go by plane.
Let’s talk
How do you go to school, Sarah? My home is near. Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. What about You?(你呢?) I usually go to school by bus, because it’s fast.(cf. How about taxi?搭出租车怎么样?)
Let’s read
Zhang: Sarah, let’s go to(去)the park this afternoon.
Sarah: Great! But how do we go to the park?
Zhang: It’s easy. Come(来)to my home by bike. We can go to the bus stop on foot. Then we go to the park by bus.
Sarah: Ok. But where is your home?
Zhang: My home is near th
Sarah: Which floor?
Zhang: The fifth floor, Room 5A.
Sarah: Ok! This afternoon. See you at 2 o’clock.
Zhang: See you then.
Answer the questions.
How do Zhang Peng and Sarah to the park? First, they meet at Zhang Peng’s home. Next, they can go to the bus stop on foot. Then they go to the park by bus.
How can I get to Zhongshan Park? You can go by the No. 15 bus. Can I go on foot? Sure, if you like. It’s not far.
Let’s learn
Look at the traffic lights. Remember the traffic rules! Stop at a red light. Wait at a yellow light. Go at a green light.
Let’s read(这是娃娃小学毕业前会朗读并背会但当时还没有消化的三个短文之一。)
The traffic lights are the same in every country. There are always three lights: red, yellow and green. Red means “Stop”. Yellow means “Wait”, and green means “Go”. In China, drivers drive on the right side of the road. In the US, drivers drive on the right side, too. In England and Australia, however, drivers drive on the left side of the road. If you go by car, by bike or on foot, you must know the traffic rules.

Koloya 2008-04-03 11:22
呵呵, 这样的情况很常见.

记得以前看一个空姐常识问答. 连国歌名跟国旗几颗星都答不上来.
让人十分诧异于她们的知识匮乏.

英语教学应强调从实际出发. 但感觉以前的情景对话还是有很大的作用.


查看完整版本: [-- 从歌手大赛的“知识问答”想到英语教学的“效率” --] [-- top --]


Powered by PHPWind v7.0 Code © 2003-08 PHPWind
Time 0.014944 second(s),query:3 Gzip enabled

You can contact us